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Today’s guest post comes from Marci of Down on the Farm.
Equipment: Cheese pot with a lid to hold the milk (it is good to make this a dedicated cheese only pot), a larger stock pot or water bath canner, dairy thermometer, mesophilic starter culture, rennet, stainless steel whisk or long knife, cheese ladle, stainless steel colander, french fry mill/cutter, salt without iodine (you can use a coarse cheese salt, pickling salt, or I use Real Salt).
First of all fill your cheese pot with water. Put all your utensils that you will use in it and bring to a boil. This will sanitize all of your equipment and not cause problems with the cheese. Pour the boiling water into a larger stock pot or water bath canner. This will be used to heat the cheese and keep the temperature.
Pour 2 gallons of milk (this recipe can be doubled) into your cheese pot. Set the pot down into the larger stock pot or water bath canner. Place a thermometer down in the milk making sure it is easy to read. Let it heat up to 86° F.
The hot water in the bottom of the double boiler set up, was going to make the milk a bit too hot. I had to sit it out for a bit.
Once it reaches the right temperature put in your culture. Use 1 packet (1 packet works for up to 2 gallons of milk) of mesophilic starter culture. Sprinkle it over the top of the milk and stir in to the milk with a stainless steel whisk or cheese ladle. Cover and let sit for about 30 mins. to ripen.
If you are going to use calcium chloride, it would go in next. I did not use it, but it is good to use if the milk is homogenized or pasteurized. If you are going to use it, then take 1/2 tsp. and mix it in with about 1/4 cup of cold water. Pour the water over the surface of the milk and then stir it in.
Next, we will add our rennet. You will use the same amount of rennet in cheese as you use calcium chloride. So, add 1/2 tsp. of liquid rennet to about 1/4 cup of cool water. After mixing in then pour over the surface of the milk and mix it in. Cover and let the milk sit for 30 to 50 mins. I leave my thermometer sticking out the side of the lid so I can make sure I keep a constant temperature.
It is time to test the curd. The last place to set up will be the center. I take a thick candy thermometer (you could use something else) and poke it down gently into the center of the curd and then sort of lift up at an angle. It the curd breaks in a clean straight line it is ready. In the picture below you can see the break, but the camera took the picture a split second too late (I know… operator error) so it is hard to see the totally clean line. However, you can see that it is solid curd.
Video – Testing the Curds
Use the large stainless steel whisk to cut the curds. You can use a long knife, but it is SO much easier with a whisk. Cut across one way and then cut across the opposite way while turning the whisk a bit to make cubes.
Video – Cutting the Curds
In this picture you can see where I have cut with the whisk and where I still need to. The curds tend to rotate in the pot, so I never get perfectly even lines.
If you use a knife, after you cut both ways across, then you need to use a flat cheese ladle to cut the layers from top to bottom. Or insert the knife at angles to try and cut them. The whisk made all the difference in the world for me. I actually ordered some large 16″ ones to put in the store for other to be able to get them.
Once you cut the curds you are going to allow them to rest for 2 to 5 mins. They will sink down into the whey.
Leaving the pot of milk in the double boiler set up, turn a low heat on under the pot. You are going to raise the temperature of the milk from 86° F to 100° F. You are going to do this very slowly over a 40 to 45 mins. period of time.
You will need to stir the curds gently and often. I stirred with the whisk. Once the temperature hits 90° F and above, then the curds will try to mat together. You will need to be diligent in your stirring from that point on. Once you reach 100° F turn off the heat and watch that it does not get any hotter. If it does, remove it from the double boiler and set on the counter. It is good if you can keep them in the pot though because it helps keep the temperature constant. You are going to let the curds sit for 30 mins. undisturbed. They will sink to the bottom and mat together.
It is time to test and see if the curds are ready to be drained. Pull some up from the bottom in the flat cheese ladle. Take a small handful and gently squeeze. If they hold together then they are ready. They should also easily separate back out.
Drain them into a colander over a bucket or large pan catching the whey.
Put about 3 quarts of your whey back in the cheese pot and put the colander over that pot. Pack the curds down in the colander making a nice slab. Turn on a VERY low heat under this. The curds should not be in the whey, but they will be over the nice moist air. Put a lid over them and let them cheddar (that is what this process is called) for about 45 mins. to an hour. I turned the slab over pressing down again about every 15 mins.
When you are done, you will have a nice big flat smooth slab of cheese.
Put the slab on a cutting board and cut into fairly large chunks.
There are 2 ways to do this next step. You can use a knife or you can use a french fry mill/cutter. Put the curds through the mill or cut into strips about that size.
Put them back into the pan or into a bowl and add 2 1/2 tsp. of salt. Mix it in well with your hands. At this point, you can eat these as fresh cheese curds (they are really good) or you can press them into a wheel.
Lay a folded piece of cheese cloth on the bottom of your cheese press and then put the hoop on top of it. Fill the hoop with the curds. Place another folded piece of cheesecloth over the top of the curds and then add your follower (wooden round that fits just inside your hoop). Assemble the rest of your press and apply pressure to the curds. You do not want to push down as hard as you can at this point. Push down until the whey starts to come out the bottom. Depending on your press you will either want to set the press down into a pan to catch the whey or have a bowl to catch it. Leave it this way for an hour. Check it periodically to see if you need to apply a bit more pressure.
After the hour is up, take your cheese out and you will dress it. Take a piece of cheesecloth and wrap the cheese, covering all surfaces. Place it back into the hoop and add the follower. Now tighten your press to the maximum pressure. You will leave the cheese in the press for 24 hours.
About Marci: My husband and I have been married 31 years. Neither one of us grew up on a farm. By God’s grace, we learned how to raise and grow most of our own food. We have one son (Joshua Daniel) who is married and lives nearby. We feel very blessed to live the life we do. Marci blogs at Down on the Farm.
Today’s guest post comes from Sarah of Frugal by Choice, Cheap by Necessity.
*warning, without giving anything away, if you normally receive a Christmas present from me, don’t attempt this at home…cause then you are a Grinch and will ruin Christmas for me.
Saturday Jack and I made homemade vanilla extract. It was extremely easy (start to finish it took 10 minutes), and I’m looking forward to testing the results when it’s ready in 8-12 weeks!
The process is foolproof…so says the person who doesn’t know what it taste like yet.
-vanilla beans. Don’t get the old crummy expensive ones from the store. These are lovely, had free shipping, and were shipped extremely quickly. And they made my mailbox smell heavenly.
-vodka or bourbon. Note if you don’t drink, visiting a liquor store is like a foreign experience. I told a Jewish friend of mine that it would be like if she visited the bacon store.
Step 4 – pour 2 cups (for every 6 vanilla beans) of your choice of liquor in to jar:
Step 5 – put lid on jar, and shake a few times.
Store in a cool, dry place for 8-12 weeks. The longer you let it sit, the stronger the vanilla flavor will be. Shake the jars every few days to speed the process.
When ready to give as gifts (hypothetically speaking of course), pour in to individual bottles. I found a great deal on this site. As you use the extract, replace with a little bourbon or vodka, and the beans should last for a few years.
And now you have a lovely gift, that is frugal to give, and isn’t full of additives and high fructose corn syrup.
Step 6 – ask your personal assistant to upload photos on to your blog:
About Sarah: I’m mom to the craziest and cutest 16-month-old boy this side of the Mississippi. And my husband is pretty darn cute, too. I work in Higher Ed, and we try to raise my son as naturally as we can afford on our very limited budget. He was exclusively breastfed for the first 12 months of his life which often led me to pumping in creepy closets and bathrooms while traveling for work. We cloth diaper, and overall just try to do our best with not screwing him up! My blog is a hodge podge of tips about living frugually, doing “from scratch” things to save money, and of course photos of my adorable kid.
The theme for this month’s Affluent People Living Sustainably carnival is proselytizing green. I’m pretty sick of the term “green” and prefer to use the term sustinable, since to me “green” means short-term trend and “sustainable” means long-term survival. Anyway, I’m not a big lecturer, but I have found that people notice the actions I take in favor of the environment. Here are some of the less obvious ways that I’ve opened the door to spread the word on sustainability.
Crank It Down! We keep the heat low around here in the chilly months. Last year, we started to keep the heat set at about 50 when we weren’t home and 55 when we were. We supplement with the wood stove, so the house’s temperature was probably closer to 60 when people visited. To us, 60 feels warm now, but to most people, our house is quite cold. In fact, when our families came to visit last week, my dad said he was tempted to give us $20 and ask for $20-worth of heat. He laughed, since he knows we don’t keep the heat low to save money, but rather to reduce our dependence on foreign oil and lower our carbon emissions. Of course the money savings don’t hurt, either. Instead of a seasonless indoor temperature of 72 degrees, we offer blankets in winter and open windows in the summer. People take notice, and these are conversation starters.
Carry Your Own! I’m not just talking about the standby stainless steel water bottles and grocery bags, since those seem to have caught on. I’m talking about other things that people will notice and think, Hey! Why didn’t I think of that! I carry a pretty cloth napkin in my purse, and usually a fork and spoon (or a few that seem to collect in there). That way, when I’m at work or on the go, I don’t need to use disposables. I’ve also gotten into the habit of carrying my own containers for doggy bags. When someone sees you pull out a glass or stainless container, it’s a wonderful chance to explain why you prefer not to accept that styrofoam box.
Wear It Out! I had to laugh the other day when I was exploring facebook. I looked at a picture from five years ago, and happened to be wearing a denim jacket that I still wear, albeit with a little hole in the elbow now. But why buy a new one? My cell phone is 8 years old, and in perfect working order. I carry the same old purse day to day. Oh, and the rust on my car shows its age. Again, when people ask why I don’t upgrade or buy a new car, I can explain that if it ain’t broken, don’t fix it. And certainly don’t buy a new one!
Make It From Scratch! When invited over to a friend’s house for dinner, bring a homemade pie, some home baked bread, tomatoes from your garden, or a jar of your home-canned jelly as a hostess gift. Make someone a scarf or hat as a present, or cut a bouquet of flowers from your garden. Not only are these gifts more thoughtful, they’re also great openers for a discussion of wasteful packaging and the value of making things on your own.
Say It With A Smile! Sometimes, I just can’t keep my mouth shut. In those cases, I try to be polite and explain why, for example, doing a burnout is not in the best interest of the environment. Or why I would prefer not to have a plastic bag. Or why I don’t want my mom to buy me that sweater that she likes but I know I won’t wear. I’ve found that when the message comes along with a laugh and a grin, people are much more understanding.
Don’t forget to check out all the APLS carnival posts!
I’m really starting to like the homemade version better than the store-bought, since I can put in the seasonings as I like them.
- 1 clove of garlic
- 1 Tbsp chopped fresh chives
- 1-2 Tbsp chopped fresh parsley
- 3/4 cup mayonaise
- 3/4 cup sour cream
- salt and pepper to taste
- dash paprika
- 1/4 cup buttermilk, more or less
Mince the garlic, sprinkle it with salt and then mash it with the side of your knife into a fine paste. Combine the garlic, chives, parsley, mayonaise, sour cream, salt, pepper and paprika in a bowl. Stir in the buttermilk until it reaches the desired thickness. Pour into a mason jar and refrigerate. It will keep up to one week, if it lasts that long.
Yesterday, while doing my grocery shopping for the week, I started to think about how much the contents of my cart have changed over the past couple of years.
While I always got fresh fruits and vegetables from the farm market, my grocery cart was surprisingly different. When I first started to cook, I bought a lot of processed foods to help me since I was just learning. As I started to become more aware of organics, I would buy organic processed foods. Still, my cart looked like it was full of boxes, plastic bags, and cartons. As I started to move more toward a whole food mentality, my cart came to life. I was buying living ingredients instead of processed junk.
Yesterday, walking down the aisles, I was thinking about what I’d make for supper this week. I saved a lot of time because we’ve got beef, pork, and fish in the freezer, so I just grab some chicken, antibiotic and hormone free. I picked up some carrots, a bag of potatoes, a few onions, a clove of garlic, and some pears. All of our other vegetables and fruits for the week are frozen or canned, from our garden. I pick up milk, eggs, and flour. I stop to think: Pizza dough? I can make that, but I need a new jar of yeast. Pasta? I can make that, too. Tortillas? Again, I can make them. Cheese? Well, I’ve been wanting to try Crunchy Chicken’s yogurt/cream cheese, so I picked up a container of plain yogurt.
This winter, I’ve headed more and more toward living from scratch, a lifestyle that I first described, and unconsciously named, last week. It’s amazingly fulfilling to look at my shopping cart and realize that it is full of living, whole foods instead of bottles and boxes. It’s even more fulfilling to spend time in the kitchen, using my hands to create supper.
I made these tortillas this afternoon (here’s my recipe), filled them with some ground beef from our freezer cooked with cumin, paprika, and red pepper flakes, re-fried beans, yogurt cheese, and salsa, then topped them with salsa, shredded jack cheese and onions, and baked them at 375°F for 20 minutes. I call them enchiladas, but I’m not certain that’s what they are. I never thought I’d make tortillas, especially on a weeknight, but now I enjoy doing it.
Is there anything you were intimidated to try? Were you empowered once you tried it?